History of Hereford Cattle


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Today, these major breed strengths of disposition and feed efficiency, along with its versatility in crossbreeding programs, continue to position Hereford as the breed of choice in commercial cowherds. It is currently the second most popular breed exported from Canada. Herefords are leaders in docility.

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Research has proven that docile temperament increases cattle profitability through lowered production costs and better meat quality. Disposition is becoming increasingly important as a sought-after trait by producers purchasing either female or bull replacement for their cattle operations. Cattle with a good temperament are easier to handle, safer to be around at calving time, adjust better to new environments and tend to perform better in all phases of the production chain.


  • Hereford Breed History.
  • Full text of "History of Hereford cattle".
  • Breeds of Livestock - Hereford Cattle — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science;
  • Bildung und Migration - Bildungsungleichheit in Deutschland? (German Edition).

Herefords are widely used for cross breeding in North America, especially with Angus cattle. Herefords also proved better adapted to the conditions of the open range than were shorthorn cattle , and eventually replaced that breed, also, as the dominant cattle breed in Texas. Hereford cattle probably originated from wild aboriginal animals known to be in the Herefordshire area of West England as early as the fifth century.

The Early Years

There are several different stories of how these cattle developed into the modern breed of Herefords. One version has it that the wild cattle crossed with red animals from Yorkshire and white-faced animals from Holland.

It is also possible that white Welsh cattle bred with Herefordshire stock. The cross produced a superior beast of burden that fattened at an early age and had excellent milk capacity.

The American Rancher featuring The American Hereford Association January 2017

Herefords as a distinct breed with the basic distinguishing characteristics of today were established by the last quarter of the s. The modern Hereford is colored dark red to red-yellow, with a white face, crest, dewlap, and underline. Herefords with white flanks and white markings below the knees and hocks are also common. Mature males may weigh up to 1, pounds, while mature females may weigh around 1, The first Herefords were introduced to America by Henry Clay in , when he brought a cow, a heifer, and a young bull to his Kentucky farm.

They were bred with shorthorn cattle to avoid inbreeding, and in subsequent generations the Hereford characteristics were gradually lost.

Hereford Cattle - Breed History

The first breeding herd was established in New York when William H. Sotham imported twenty-two animals. In some of the first Herefords to arrive in Texas were brought in by the E. Ikard brothers of Henrietta, Texas.

They purchased ten animals at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, shipped them by rail to Denison, and then trailed them to Henrietta. Hornless variants with the polled gene are known as the Polled Herefords. Breeding horned and hornless together functions as a genetic dehorner.

Texas Hereford Association

Related Stories. By using genomic tools, researchers aim to produce an animal The researchers showed that the genetics of an individual cow strongly influenced the make-up of the Breed associations have long been interested in finding the genetic basis for feed efficiency, with the aim of breeding more efficient animals. However, international concerns raised at It is the first time genetic But the way information is spread and decisions are made in such systems

History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle History of Hereford Cattle
History of Hereford Cattle

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