Write a sentence with the given subject and verb and use the present progressive, as well as vocabulary from the list. Mia mamma; cucinare 2. I ragazzi; camminare 4. Maria; suonare il clarinetto 6. Luca e i suoi amici; guardare il televisione 7. Tu e Giovanni; giocare il basket 8. Tu; viaggiare a Spagna 9.
Events and Celebrations Around the world, there are many different celebrations and events for all kinds of people, and Italy is no exception. From the masquerade balls of Venice to the many dances in the squares of Rome, Italy has a wide range of parties and festivals to accompany its holidays, religious and secular alike. The picture below shows the cathedral near the Leaning Tower of Pisa, in which many celebrations and events have taken place.
In this chapter, you will learn about these things in detail. Learn to discuss important events and celebrations.
Learn about major Italian holidays and celebrations. Time Expressions and Days Il giorno - day a single unit of the month La notte pl. Sei mai venuto qui prima?
Have you ever been here before? Eat dinner before dessert. Sto per chiamare a mia madre. Irregular Present Tense Conjugations: Following is a table of direct object pronouns for nouns. The same applies for Loro. The distinction can only be made in writing, where the latter set is capitalized. When attaching the DOPs, you place it before the conjugated verb, or, if attaching it to an infinitive, drop the final -e, and attach the pronoun.
Mi invita alle feste. He invites me to parties.
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Ho bisogno di invitarli. I have to invite them. In Italian, you must use the infinitive. I prefer speaking in English. I prefer to speak in English. Playing basketball is fun. To play basketball is fun. Il Passato Prossimo The verb tense passato prossimo is called the present perfect in English. This is a compound tense, and to form it you need a conjugated form of avere or essere and the past participle of a verb. The passato prossimo is used in the place of the true past tense, il passato remoto, and would be understood as such.
The difference will be elaborated upon in the supplement. The past participle is the form of a verb, that, in English, typically takes on the ending -ed. The passato prossimo uses the present tense of avere or essere. Il Presidente dei Stati Uniti ha parlato al pubblico statunitense. They went on vacation to Europe. Note that the past participle changes according to gender and number when used with essere.
You use avere for transitive verbs and essere for intransitive verbs. La festa di Carnevale, i Re Magi, e la Befana Easily one of the best known Italian celebrations, Carnevale is effectively a party that lasts from January 6th, Epiphany to la Quaresima the beginning of Lent, a forty-day period during which Catholics abstain from indulgent things, such as eating sweets, drinking, or swearing.
Every region of Italy has its own variations on Carnevale: People also prepare many different kinds of dolci tradizionali. Similar to Los Reyes Magos in Spain and other Spanish-speaking nations, it is accompanied by a grand festival. Italians also celebrate the coming of La Befana, a kind old woman who is said to visit children and leave gifts on the Twelfth Night.
Rewrite the given sentence using a direct object. Sto mangiando le mele. Mio nonno scrive saggi di filosofia philosophy. Le ragazze hanno bevuto le sode. Le donne spagnole ballano il tango. Tu preferisci pasta alla carbonara. Voi avete pulito la camera. Chi fa la torta? Io sto cercando il mio orologio. Rewrite the given sentence with the passato prossimo.
Faccio la torta per il Presidente del Consiglio the Prime Minister. La bambina siede nella sua sedia. Mi dai una carta. Adriana vuole suonare il suo violino oggi Hint: Alesso ed io giochiamo il basket. Bevo il vino per la prima volta for the first time. Il mio amico ha bisogno di partire della festa in presto.
Partecipi male nella sfilata di Carnevale? I miei nonni my grandparents vanno a messa Mass sotto Natale at Christmastime. Esercizio di leggere Read the following passage, and respond to the questions about it in Italian.
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Io refers to Alexander in this passage. Ieri, Arianna ed io siamo andati alla festa del compleanno di Marcello. Molti dei nostri amici sono venuti, e ognuno gli ha dato un regalo. Invece instead , gli abbiamo dato un iPad per usare FaceTime per chiamare i suoi nonni.
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Arianna ed io abbiamo usato molti soldi dei i nostri salari from our salaries. Why was there a party? Where was the party held? What did Arianna and Alexander want to give Marcel?
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What did they give him instead, and how did Marcel react? Literary Language and Northern versus Southern Italy Il Passato Remoto The passato remoto, or the simple past, is one of two past tenses in Italian, that expresses an absolute event that occurred in the past. This includes sentences like: I went to the market. However, this tense as fallen into disuse in areas outside of literature, and is only used in Sicily in modern day.
These pronouns are egli he , ella she , and esso a it. The plural versions of the lattermost pronouns are used to mean them. Many countries, such as Mexico, India, or China, have historically significant divides between its northern and southern parts. Such a thing is present even in the United States, where the distribution of people in society economically, socially, and politically is well-known to be irregular across the country. The difference between Northern and Southern Italy, in fact, is very similar to the difference between the American North and South in history, and to an extent, in the present.
Northern Italy has always been the center of culture and changing ideas since the days of the Renaissance. It also had historically Germanic and French ties, having been under the control of Austria and France. Northern Italy is generally more modern, and has been historically wealthier than than Southern Italy, being a huge industrial and financial center. On the other hand, Southern Italy is significantly more traditionalist, and conservative in its values. Southern Italians place more emphasis on honor, manners, and background, and to offend these virtues is considered a greater offense than in the North.
However, Southern Italians are extremely friendly, and tend to be very open people.
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